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While Mesopotamian kings did claim to be direct messengers of the gods, Egypt’s pharaohs claimed extra power and authority as actual embodiments of the gods themselves.

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One obvious similarity is that both were based on agriculture. Another similarity is that both cultures had, and still do have, a strong military power.

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Which of the following statements is true about ancient Egypt in comparison to Mesopotamia? Its agriculture was based on the predictable annual rise of its rivers. Which of the following best describes the grandeur of Chinese rulers in comparison to other First Civilization rulers?

Writing emerged in many early civilizations as a way to keep records and better manage complex institutions. Cuneiform writing in early Mesopotamia was first used to keep track of economic exchanges.

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History is impossible without the written word as one would lack context in which to interpret physical evidence from the ancient past. Writing records the lives of a people and so is the first necessary step in the written history of a culture or civilization.

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From the 4th century BC, hieroglyphs and their manual varieties were gradually replaced by an alphabetic transcription or words and then texts using the Greek alphabet + 7 Demotic signs to render Egyptian sounds unknown in Greek.

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Egyptians had a great understanding of math. 2. Their ability to build pyramids shows addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, measurement, geometry.

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Writing was invented independently in at least four different times and places: Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, and Mesoamerica. Of these original writing systems, Egyptian and Sumerian are the oldest known.

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For everyday purposes, however, scribes used a shorthand version of the hieroglyphic script known as hieratic, which was quicker to write and more economical of space. The two writings existed side by side for at least 2,500 years.

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The importance of this to Egyptology is immense. When it was discovered, nobody knew how to read ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs. Because the inscriptions say the same thing in three different scripts, and scholars could still read Ancient Greek, the Rosetta Stone became a valuable key to deciphering the hieroglyphs.

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Surveying the fields was very important to the Ancient Egyptians. Ownership of property was common, though most of the land was owned by the pharaoh or the temples. This, of course, made the surveying even more important, because rents and taxes on property were based on the area being farmed.

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How was hieroglyphic writing different from our writing today? from cuneiform used by the Mesopotamians? Had 600 symbols, rather than the 26 in our alphabet. Could be written horizontally or vertically, left to right, or right to left. Hieroglyphics represent sounds, rather than actual things.

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Cuneiform probably preceded Egyptian hieroglyphic writing, because we know of early Mesopotamian experiments and ‘dead-ends’ as the established script developed ” including the beginning of signs and numbers ” whereas the hieroglyphic system seems to have been born more or less perfectly formed and ready to go.

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Hieroglyphic text uses many symbols to represent entire words, but it also has symbols for single letters. These roughly correspond to the 26 letters of the English alphabet. Egyptian also has signs for the sounds ‘sh’ (as in ‘ship’) and ‘ch’ (as in ‘chip’ and ‘Charlie’). See the full alphabet here.

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Ancient Egyptian writing is known as hieroglyphics (‘sacred carvings’) and developed at some point prior to the Early Dynastic Period (c. 3150 -2613 BCE). According to some scholars, the concept of the written word was first developed in Mesopotamia and came to Egypt through trade.

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Hieroglyphs were written on papyrus reed, which is a water or marsh plant, with tall straight hollow stems. The reeds were flattened, dried, and stuck together to make pages. The Egyptians also carved hieroglyphs onto stone and painted them on the walls of the tombs. What did Ancient Egyptians use to write with?

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hieroglyphic writing, system that employs characters in the form of pictures. Those individual signs, called hieroglyphs, may be read either as pictures, as symbols for objects, or as symbols for sounds.

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The key to translating hieroglyphics The Rosetta Stone is one of the most important objects in the British Museum as it holds the key to understanding Egyptian hieroglyphs”a script made up of small pictures that was used originally in ancient Egypt for religious texts.

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The ancient Egyptians’ language had archaeologists baffled until the hieroglyphs were carefully deciphered using the Rosetta Stone. The discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb wouldn’t happen for another century but in 1821 in Piccadilly, London, an exhibition about ancient Egypt opened.

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How did Egyptian writing differ from Sumerian writing? Sumerians used wedge shaped symbols called cuneiform. The symbols represented words. Why are the pyramids considered one of Egypt’s greatest achievements?

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In term of geography feature, the two arose near the river thank to the agriculture and trade. The people of the both nation were polytheistic and born for serving the gods and goddesses. About the both societies, they had the similarity of social classes: king, priests, scribes, nobles, and normal citizens.

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The Egyptian calendar is more precise. The Egyptian calendar had more days, there were 365 days in their calendar. The Mesopotamians had 354 days on their calendar. The Egyptians believed those five extra days were considered bad luck to do anything.

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Did any castle moats have alligators?


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Both men and women in ancient Egypt wore makeup. Some researchers think that a reason that everyone wore makeup in ancient Egypt was that they thought it helped protect them from the gods Ra and Horus. Egyptians also used cosmetics for their alleged healing powers. They lined their eyes with black eyeliner.

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King Menes fought to unify Lower and Upper Egypt into a single country. Legend holds that he was the first pharaoh of Egypt, though it’s not clear who he really was. Archaeologists remember Menes as a great leader and one of the most important people of ancient Egypt.

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Which is an accurate comparison about the development of scribal cultures in both Mesopotamia and Egypt? Scribe’s status was increased by the small number of people who were literate. Which of the following is a way new territorial states differed from city-states?

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Another major aspect of ancient Egyptian life that has carried on into current day is religion. … The Egyptians believed in a total of about 2000 gods and goddesses. Temples in Egypt were a way to honor gods and worship. Today people still go to temples, most commonly known as churches, to worship their god/gods.

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Similarities Between Mesopotamia and Egypt Mesopotamia and Egypt are two of the earliest ancient civilizations based on rivers. Both Mesopotamians and Egyptians believed in polytheism (multiple gods). They had similar social structures and saw many developments in fields like irrigation, agriculture, architecture, etc.

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Before the alphabet was invented, early writing systems had been based on pictographic symbols known as hieroglyphics, or on cuneiform wedges, produced by pressing a stylus into soft clay.

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Writing has changed the world completely around us. It changes the way we view ourselves and how we communicate with others. Because of writing, you can share your ideas to the people and express their passion for changing the world. The writers don’t have to follow the paths which are considered normal.

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Both civilizations constructed their social classes similarly in that they had kings at the top, followed by other officials and merchants, and at the bottom the slaves and peasants. They both had their own form of writing; Mesopotamia had cuneiform, and Egypt had hieroglyphics and cursive script, respectively.

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The religions in both Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt were polytheistic, meaning they believed in multiple gods and goddesses, and were based on nature. Both civilizations had gods of the sky, earth, freshwater, and the sun, as well as gods devoted to human emotions and the underworld.

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United States is about 10 times bigger than Egypt. Egypt is approximately 1,001,450 sq km, while United States is approximately 9,833,517 sq km, making United States 882% larger than Egypt.

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Paper is one of the most commonly used Egyptian invention. It was originally made of reeds and is now made of wood. This invention still has the same exact purpose as in their times which is to record information and stories.

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They modified their environment by carving out the limestone and erecting these structures. They developed an irrigation system, taking water from the Nile (and its flood) and depositing it on crops in order for them to grow better.

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Ancient Egyptians had simple farming tools such as winnowing scoops, hoes, rakes, flint-bladed sickles and ploughs. They had both hand ploughs and ones pulled by oxen. The ploughs were used to turn the soil. Another piece of equipment used by farmers was the Shaduf.

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Farmers lived in houses made of mud bricks. Windows were built high up to give privacy and to help heat escape. Floors were made out of packed dirt. Farmers cooked food in small ovens fueled by burning dried cattle dung.

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They modified their environment by carving out the limestone and erecting these structures. They developed an irrigation system, taking water from the Nile (and its flood) and depositing it on crops in order for them to grow better.

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This was possible because of the ingenuity of the Egyptians as they developed basin irrigation. Their farming practices allowed them to grow staple food crops, especially grains such as wheat and barley, and industrial crops, such as flax and papyrus. They excelled in horticulture.

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Farmers in Ancient Egypt were very important because they grew food for their communities. To ensure people were fed, the Pharaoh would buy areas of fertile land and get peasants to grow, maintain and harvest the crops.

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Egyptians are credited as being one of the first groups of people to practice agriculture on a large scale. This was possible because of the ingenuity of the Egyptians as they developed basin irrigation.

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This gave the Egyptians a lot of good soil to raise their crops on. Just prior to harvesting, tax collectors would go around and survey the amount of crops and land so that they could estimate taxes due. Harvest time for the crops happened between April and June.

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How did Egypt’s geography affect its farming methods? Egypt’s geography affected its farming methods by causing the Egyptian farmers to come to rely on the Nile’s yearly floods for water and fertile soil and by causing the farmers to wait for the water to recede before planting.