which is bigger buckingham palace or windsor castle


As a history and architecture enthusiast, I have always been intrigued by the grandeur and magnificence of royal residences. In particular, Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle have always stood out to me as two of the most iconic and majestic royal abodes in the world. In this article, I will delve into the comparison of these two remarkable landmarks, exploring their history, architecture, and size.

The History of Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle

Both Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle have rich and fascinating histories that date back centuries. Buckingham Palace, located in the city of Westminster, has been the official residence of British monarchs since 1837. It was originally known as Buckingham House and was acquired by King George III in 1761 as a private residence for Queen Charlotte. Over the years, it underwent extensive renovations and expansions, evolving into the magnificent palace we see today.

On the other hand, Windsor Castle, located in the county of Berkshire, has a history that spans over 900 years. It was built by William the Conqueror in the 11th century and has been a royal residence and fortress ever since. The castle has undergone numerous modifications and renovations by various monarchs, resulting in a blend of architectural styles and historical significance.

The Architecture of Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle

The architecture of both Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle is nothing short of awe-inspiring. Buckingham Palace, designed in the Neoclassical style, features imposing facades, grand colonnades, and lavish interiors adorned with ornate decorations and furnishings. Its iconic balcony, where the royal family makes appearances on special occasions, has become a symbol of British monarchy.

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Contrastingly, Windsor Castle boasts a fusion of architectural styles, including Norman, Gothic, Georgian, and Victorian. Its sheer size and intricate design showcase the evolution of architectural trends over the centuries. The castle’s magnificent St. George’s Chapel, built in the 14th century, is a prime example of medieval architecture and craftsmanship.

Size Comparison

When comparing the size of Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle, it becomes evident that both are immense structures that exude grandeur and opulence. Buckingham Palace, spanning over 828,000 square feet, is a colossal edifice with over 775 rooms, including 188 staff bedrooms, 92 offices, 78 bathrooms, and 52 royal and guest bedrooms. Its sprawling gardens and grounds further contribute to its vastness.

In contrast, Windsor Castle covers a staggering 484,000 square feet, making it the largest inhabited castle in the world. The castle comprises a multitude of courtyards, towers, and halls, serving as a testament to the enduring legacy of British royalty. Its Great Park, a vast area of parkland surrounding the castle, adds to its expansive presence.


Ultimately, when pondering the question of which is bigger between Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle, it is clear that both royal residences possess immense grandeur and historical significance. While Buckingham Palace stands as a symbol of monarchy in the heart of London, Windsor Castle reigns as an enduring fortress and royal residence steeped in centuries of history. Regardless of their size, both architectural marvels stand as testaments to the legacy of British royalty.


1. Is Buckingham Palace open to the public?

No, the State Rooms of Buckingham Palace are open to the public for guided tours during the summer months, while the rest of the palace remains the private residence of the monarch.

2. Can visitors explore Windsor Castle?

Yes, visitors have the opportunity to explore the State Apartments, Queen Mary’s Dolls’ House, St. George’s Chapel, and the exquisite grounds of Windsor Castle throughout the year.

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3. Which royal residence is older?

Windsor Castle is the older of the two, with over 900 years of history dating back to its construction by William the Conqueror.

4. How many people visit Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle annually?

Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle collectively attract millions of visitors each year, eager to witness the splendor and heritage of these royal landmarks.

5. Are there any special events or ceremonies held at Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle?

Both Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle host a range of special events, state banquets, and ceremonial occasions, offering glimpses into the regal lifestyle and traditions of the British monarchy.