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The Restoration led to enormous changes in Japan’s political and social structure, and spanned both the late Edo period (often called Late Tokugawa shogunate) and the beginning of the Meiji period.

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What changes did the reforms of the Meiji Restoration bring in Japan? Meiji reformers wanted to create new political and social system and build a modern industrial economy. How did industrialization help start Japan on an imperialist course? Industrialization helped Japan grow and develop.

What were the results of Japan’s growing imperialism at the end of the 19th century? Became the strongest military power in Asia and a world powerhouse.

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The daimyo maintained their power by ruling over local areas in the shogun’s name. The shoguns gave them fiefs of land, which they then administered… See full answer below.

How did the daimyo contribute to decentralization in Japan? ” Each daimyo had their own army of warriors with the ambition to conquer more territory, and with the help of gunpowder weapons, the three powerful daimyo gradually unified Japan. Why did the samurai have significant economic power in Japan?

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A daimyo was a feudal lord in shogunal Japan from the 12th century to the 19th century. The daimyos were large landowners and vassals of the shogun. Each daimyo hired an army of samurai warriors to protect his family’s lives and property.

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A powerful daimyo named Oda Nobunaga campaigned to unify Japan at the end of the 16th century. He managed to conquer most of Honshu, the main island of Japan, by brutally defeating any and all of his opponents, so his goal seemed attainable.

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Daimyo were feudal lords who, as leaders of powerful warrior bands, controlled the provinces of Japan from the beginning of the Kamakura period in 1185 to the end of the Edo period in 1868. This warrior class, as newly risen holders of political authority, developed cultural traditions inherited from the court.

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His efforts to unify Japan sparked resistance among the Ikkō sect, and in 1580 Nobunaga destroyed their chief temple-fortress, Ishiyama Hongan-ji, rendering Japan’s Buddhist population politically powerless until after his death.

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Around this time Nobunaga began using a seal with the phrase tenka fubu, which indicated his intention to unite the realm (tenka) of Japan by force. In 1568, he led an army into Kyoto and installed Ashikaga Yoshiaki as shōgun. Under the auspices of the Muromachi shogunate, he expanded his power around the capital.

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For most of Japanese history, the emperor was a ceremonial figure, involved more in the religious and cultural aspects of governance than the political or military ones. Advisors or warlords were the real power.

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A daimyo was a feudal lord in shogunal Japan from the 12th century to the 19th century. The daimyos were large landowners and vassals of the shogun. Each daimyo hired an army of samurai warriors to protect his family’s lives and property.

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daimyo were large landholders who held their estates at the pleasure of the shogun. They controlled the armies that were to provide military service to the shogun when required. samurai were minor nobles and held their land under the authority of the daimyo.

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The daimyo maintained their power by ruling over local areas in the shogun’s name. The shoguns gave them fiefs of land, which they then administered… See full answer below.

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Nobunaga was head of the very powerful Oda clan, and launched a war against other daimyos to unify Japan in the 1560s. Nobunaga emerged as the most powerful daimyo, overthrowing the nominally ruling shogun Ashikaga Yoshiaki and dissolving the Ashikaga Shogunate in 1573.

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What advantage did Oda Nobunaga use to conquer his enemies and how did he get it? He used guns from Portuguese Traders. What three virtues of the Samurai are still respected in modern Japan? Courage, honor, and loyalty.

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The Tokugawa shoguns were able to rule a unified Japan that was free of war and conflict for over 250 years by strictly enforcing the feudal system and controlling the various social classes.

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Oda Nobunaga was a powerful samurai warlord in Japan during the Sengoku Jidai (Warring States period) in the late 16th century. He is often called the first great unifier of Japan, as he conquered about a third of the country during his quest of unification before his death.

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The samurai lost their class privileges, when the government declared all classes to be equal. By 1876 the government banned the wearing of the samurai’s swords; the former samurai cut off their top knots in favor of Western-style haircuts and took up jobs in business and the professions.

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For much of its history, Japan was an isolated nation with little interest in outsiders. Portuguese explorers helped to tap into Japanese trade networks, although only on a limited basis and under strict supervision.

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3b) How did the daimyo help weaken the shoguns? Daimyo fought to break free of the shogun’s rule because they felt that the shogun didn’t give enough credit for their help defending Japan from the Mongols. 4) What strong leaders worked to unify Japan in the late 1500s?

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The emperor is the head of state but has no political powers. The role is largely ceremonial, and involves duties such as greeting foreign dignitaries and attending cultural and public events.

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Based on cabinet decisions, he convenes the National Diet and dissolves the House of Representatives. Based on the Diet’s designation, he appoints the prime minister. Other duties include the promulgation of laws and treaties enacted and approved by the Diet and reception of credentials of foreign ambassadors.

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As servants of the daimyos, or great lords, the samurai backed up the authority of the shogun and gave him power over the mikado (emperor). The samurai would dominate Japanese government and society until the Meiji Restoration of 1868 led to the abolition of the feudal system.

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The abolition of the feudal system and all feudal class privileges. The enacting of a constitution and formalization of a parliamentary system of government. The formation of a national army. The adoption of universal education.

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Daimyo came under the centralizing influence of the Tokugawa shogunate in two chief ways. In a sophisticated form of hostage-taking that was used by the shogunate, the daimyo were required to alternate their residence between their domains and the shogun’s court at Edo (now Tokyo) in a system called sankin kōtai.

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-The advantage of being a samurai was that you were in the upper part of social hierarchy, which meant that you were respected, you received a good education, a house, good food, and all the other necessities that a person needs.

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The Meiji Restoration transformed Japan. The government became centralized around the figure of the emperor, and the political system now allowed people to pursue new opportunities. Japan also underwent rapid industrialization.

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What realization did China and Japan share following the Sino-Japanese War? Their isolationist past had left them far behind western society.

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There were three main causes of the Meiji Restoration: First, internal problems in Japan made ruling the country too difficult. The feudal system was decaying, and factions were growing. Reinstating the emperor legitimized the movement by connecting it to an old tradition that encouraged everyone to unify.

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Why do clouds do not freeze?

During this time Tokugawa Ieyasu established a government at Edo (now Tokyo), where Japan’s central government remains today. In the 1630s the shogunate adopted a policy of national seclusion, which forbade Japanese subjects from traveling abroad.

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Oda Nobunaga (1534-1582) was a Japanese daimyo who deposed the Ashikaga shogunate and unified 30 of Japan’s 68 provinces through a series of brutal military campaigns from 1568 to 1582.

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Nobunaga’s hostility toward Buddhism, which he expressed by burning countless monasteries and slaughtering monks, made him receptive to the influx of Jesuit missionaries from Spain and Portugal.

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How did the Tokugawa shogunate reorganize the government of Japan? ” Japan was divided into 250 territories, each being controlled by a daimyo. But, he required the daimyo to maintain residences in both their home territory and capital. This kept the daimyo under the control of the shogunate.

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To comply with the shogun’s edict, the daimyo traveled to Edo in elaborate and costly processions. These placed a large burden on the daimyo’s finances, as did their lavish Edo residences. Iemitsu’s policy cleverly kept the daimyo occupied and reduced the potential for rebellion.

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Legally, the shogunate was under the control of the emperor, and the shogun’s authority was limited to control of the military forces of the country, but the increasingly feudal character of Japanese society created a situation in which control of the military became tantamount to control of the country, and the …

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Tokugawa Ieyasu’s dynasty of shoguns presided over 250 years of peace and prosperity in Japan, including the rise of a new merchant class and increasing urbanization. To guard against external influence, they also worked to close off Japanese society from Westernizing influences, particularly Christianity.

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The period culminated with a series of three warlords ” Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and Tokugawa Ieyasu ” who gradually unified Japan. After Tokugawa Ieyasu’s final victory at the siege of Osaka in 1615, Japan settled down into over 200 years of peace under the Tokugawa shogunate.

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Even with his fame of being the initiator of the unification of Japan, he was recognized by most as a Tyrant because of the brutal methods and high temper, being very self-motivated and vain, his ambitions led him to indiscriminately kill women and children to make sure that there wasn’t any further vendettas against …

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Oda Nobunaga was born into the family of the daimyo of Owari, a minor political power among the warlords of the Sengoku period. He began his rise to power by establishing first his uncontested rule over his own family. He defeated his younger brother twice ” the second time ultimately by forcing him to commit suicide.

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The Meiji Restoration accelerated the industrialization process in Japan, which led to its rise as a military power by the year 1895, under the slogan of “Enrich the country, strengthen the military” (富国強…, fukoku kyōhei).

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This is when they decided to start their reforms. How and why did the Meiji government modernize Japan? The Meiji government modernized Japan because the Meiji Emperor realized that the best way to counter Western influence was to modernize. In order to do so, the Emperor took several steps.

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As emperor he formally ordered, though he did not initiate, the abolition of the feudal land system (1871), the creation of a new school system (1872), adoption of the cabinet system of government (1885), promulgation of the Meiji Constitution (1889), and opening of the Diet (1890).

What are nimbus clouds?

Portuguese merchants brought tin, lead, gold, silk, and wool and cotton textiles, among other goods, to Japan, which exported swords, lacquer ware, silk, and silver.

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They were forced to move to Dejima, a tiny artificial island in Nagasaki Bay, where they were kept under close scrutiny. The principal purpose of trade with Japan was to obtain gold, silver and copper, of which the country had valuable deposits.

Why do clouds float in the sky?

The first contact between Japan and Portugal occurred in 1543 when three Portuguese merchants landed on Tanegashima Island at the southern tip of the Japanese Archipelago after their boat was blown off course.

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