why was the eiffel tower built

The Iron Lady: An Iconic Structure

As I stand in awe beneath the towering structure of the Eiffel Tower, I can’t help but wonder about the story behind its creation. The Eiffel Tower, also known as the Iron Lady, is undoubtedly one of the most iconic and recognizable structures in the world. But why was it built in the first place? Join me as we unravel the fascinating tale of this architectural marvel.

Gustave Eiffel: The Visionary Engineer

The story of the Eiffel Tower begins with its creator, Gustave Eiffel, a visionary engineer with a passion for pushing the boundaries of what was possible in construction. Eiffel, who was also responsible for designing the framework for the Statue of Liberty, envisioned a structure that would showcase the prowess of modern engineering and stand as a symbol of progress and innovation.

A Symbol of World’s Fair

The Eiffel Tower was originally built as the entrance arch for the 1889 World’s Fair, held in Paris to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. Eiffel’s design was chosen from over 100 submissions and was met with both excitement and skepticism. Many Parisians were initially skeptical of the tower’s unconventional design, fearing that it would disrupt the city’s skyline.

Controversy and Critics

During its construction, the Eiffel Tower faced widespread criticism from the artistic and intellectual community in Paris. Many notable figures, including writers and artists, signed a petition against the tower, citing it as an eyesore that would deface the city’s beauty. However, Eiffel remained undeterred, firmly believing in the architectural and engineering significance of his creation.

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A Marvel of Engineering

The construction of the Eiffel Tower was a monumental feat of engineering, pushing the boundaries of what was possible with steel and iron. Eiffel and his team employed innovative construction techniques to bring his vision to life, including the use of prefabricated iron components and meticulous planning to ensure the tower’s stability and structural integrity.

A Cultural Landmark

Despite the initial controversy and criticism, the completion of the Eiffel Tower marked a turning point in its public perception. The tower’s sheer size and intricate lattice design captivated the public imagination, and it quickly became a symbol of Paris and an enduring cultural landmark.

An Enduring Legacy

Today, the Eiffel Tower stands as a testament to human ingenuity and ambition, drawing millions of visitors from around the world who come to marvel at its beauty and scale. Its breathtaking views of Paris, coupled with its timeless elegance, make it a must-visit destination for travelers and a beloved symbol of the City of Light.


In conclusion, the Eiffel Tower was built as a symbol of progress, innovation, and the enduring spirit of human achievement. Despite facing initial skepticism and criticism, it has emerged as an enduring cultural icon and a testament to the vision and determination of its creator, Gustave Eiffel.


1. How tall is the Eiffel Tower?

The Eiffel Tower stands at a height of 1,063 feet, making it one of the tallest structures in the world.

2. How many steps are there in the Eiffel Tower?

The Eiffel Tower has a total of 1,665 steps, though visitors can also take elevators to reach the top.

3. What is the purpose of the Eiffel Tower today?

Today, the Eiffel Tower serves as a major tourist attraction, offering breathtaking views of Paris and hosting various cultural events and exhibitions.

4. How long did it take to build the Eiffel Tower?

The construction of the Eiffel Tower took a total of two years, two months, and five days, employing a workforce of over 300 workers.

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5. Is the Eiffel Tower made of iron?

Despite its nickname, the Eiffel Tower is primarily constructed from wrought iron, with the addition of steel components in certain sections.